Garden Journal
Lettuce
Sowing to planting: 5 weeks / Spacing: 20 cm

Lettuce seedlings - 10 days old, before pricking

Lettuce seedlings - 25 days old, almost ready to be planted outdoors

When sowing use a very small tray with lots of vermiculite or perlite (30-50%) to help avoiding root rots. One week later it's time to prick them out into a module tray with compost. When planting them in the module tray, bury them as deep as you can and this will make the plants stronger. 
When planting outdoors, water the soil well before making the holes so that it is fully moist instead of dried and powdery. Start picking every week 7-8 weeks after sowing.
BINGENHEIMER: Italian: Lollo rossa / Batavia: Saragossa / Oak leaf: Bijella / Cos: Valmaine​​​​​​​
GENOVESE BASIL
Sowing to FIRST HARVEST: 10 weeks / Spacing: 15 cm

Basil seedlings - 15 days old

Basil seedlings - 30 days old

Prepare the module tray cells with lots of vermiculite or perlite (30-50%) to help avoiding root rots. Place a pinch of seeds in each cell (aim for anywhere between 10 and 20 seeds).
Germination is slow but within 45 days the plants should be big enough to be repotted into small individual pots. It is possible that the first planting of the season might need to be harvested even before the plants are transplanted outdoors.
Coriander/Dill
Sowing to planting: 6 weeks / Spacing: 15 cm

Dill seedlings - 20 days old

Dill seedlings - 45 days old, just transplanted outdoors

Sow in small trays in very well watered compost to have enough moisture for germination without the need to water again for a few days - this is to avoid overwatering during germination. Just a little bit of compost on top after sowing and a final sprinkle. Keep in a warm place.
Two weeks later prick them out and put them very deep in module trays.
Harvesting is done by picking the outer leaves.
BINGENHEIMER: Tetra DillKoriander K31​​​​​​​
Eggplants / Chili

Eggplant and chili seedlings - 35 days old

Bok Choy
Spacing: 15 cm

Bok choy seedlings - 10 days old, already showing their first true leaves. This picture was taken before pricking out the best from each module and planting it back deeper for a stronger plant

Bok choy seedlings - 25 days old, ready to be planted outdoors

When sowing use a very small tray with lots of vermiculite or perlite (30-50%) to help avoiding root rots. One week later it's time to prick them out into a module tray with compost. When planting them in the module tray, bury them as deep as you can and this will make the plants stronger. 
Bok choy needs consistent watering, especially in the fall. Drought can cause it to bolt to seed.
Kings Seeds: Joy Choi
SEQUENCES
Early April: Winter salads ➡ Carrots
Early July: Potatoes ➡ Winter Leeks
Early May: Spinach ➡ Tomato / Peppers / Eggplants
Early Aug: Carrots ➡ Daikon (both under mesh)
OVERLAPS
Winter leeks (planted in August) + Parsley (interplanted late September)
Spring salads (planted in March) + Tomato / Peppers / Eggplants (interplanted in May)
Tomato / Peppers / Eggplants + Autumn salads (underplanted in September)
Tomato / Peppers / Eggplants + Spinach (underplanted in September)
Broad Beans
Spacing: 30cm
Use large modules when sowing indoors. Soak them in water over night, and any that float just throw them way. Put the seeds on top of the modules flat and cover with compost. The earlier you sow them the more time they plants have to make multiple stems before they go into flowering mode.
When planting, double rows work really well because you can string them together on either side. Since they are very beautiful small shrubs with gorgeous flowers, they can also be planted in a flower bed.
Broad beans love moisture, particularly in spring, if it's not raining enough do water them (May / June). Once the plants have put out a lot of flowers it's a good idea to pinch the tops to avoid black aphids.
Shiso
When sowing use lots of vermiculite or perlite (30-50%) to help avoiding root rots. Seeds should be kept in water at room temperature for 24h before sowing.
MAGIC GARDEN SEEDS: Green Shiso, Red Shiso
Parsley/MITSUBA
Sowing to planting: 8 weeks / Spacing: 20 cm
Parsley grows slowly at first, even in summer. Seeds can be sown as early as February. With a second sowing in July you shold have plenty of leaves for most of the year. Summer sowings result in younger plants for winter with more chance of surviving frost.
Parsley can be interplanted in late September with leeks planted in August.
BINGENHEIMER: Einfache Schnitt 3
MAGIC GARDEN SEEDS: Mitsuba
Spring Onions
6-8 seeds per module / Sowing to planting: 6 weeks / Spacing: 20 cm
For spring onions you can plant up to 10 seeds per cell and don't thin them out. The fall sowing / planting is perfect for spring onions.
BINGENHEIMER: Ishikura - this is a Japanese bunching type of onion. It produces long white stalks with short green tops which can be pulled when they are as thin as a pencil or as thick as a carrot. Successional sowing / planting beginning of March till mid July. For throughout the season and reasonably frost hardy.
Beetroot
4 seeds per module / Sowing to HARVESTING: 12 weeks / Spacing: 20 cm
Each seed may germinate more than one seedling, some don't germinate at all. If in total you get more than 4 seedling per module, thin them, 3-4 weeks after sowing them.
Plant them as a clump, all together. When growing in clumps, the larger ones grows quicker, so you can twist them out at harvest time, allowing the remaining roots to grow larger. Harvest means leaves and roots at the same time.
BINGENHEIMER: Tondo di Chioggia
Kohl Rabi
How to sow: 2-3 seed per module
Spacing: 15 cm
Kohl Rabi is a member of the brassica family. With the stem just above ground level, it swells to form the crisp, juicy vegetable with a texture very similar to the Water Chestnut. Its flavour is much like that of a turnip but milder.
Thin modules to one seedling per module.
When planted in the spring harvest when young, from the size of a golf ball up to the size of a tennis ball (before they flower)
Kings Seeds: Purple DelicacySuperschmelz
Purple Delicacy is later and hardier than green varieties, best when harvested young. Superschmelz is a giant variety with white and light flesh capable of reaching 8kg in weight (!!!) without becoming stringy. Roasted it is delicious.
Autumn Leeks
Sowing to planting: 12 weeks
Spacing: 15 cm
Sow 3-5 seeds per module. Don't thin them. Traditionally they are planted deep (10cm) so the lower part of the stem becomes white and sweeter. Multisown are better if they are planted more shallow.
Weeding needs to be little and frequent because leeks do not cover the soil and some weeds always grow.
The soil needs plenty of organic matter, especially for moisture retention. Summer warmth and moisture enable rapid growth. It is worth watering from July to September if the soil becomes dry.
It's good to plant them in the same place after harvesting potatoes, since potatoes require plenty of fresh compost / manure during their growth.
Bingenheimer: Philomene Leeks.
Carrots
How to sow: 2-3 seeds per cm / rows 25cm
Thin after one month to one seedling per cm; leave more space if you want really big carrots.
Weeding is essential because the tiny seedling are easily smothered by weed growth.
Carrot root fly arrives in May so carrots must be under mesh all the time.
Harvest from end of June onward.
Potatoes
Spacing: 50 cm
Water them the last 2-3 weeks to swell the tubers. Also over the past few weeks add some compost on top to stop the tubers from seeing light and becoming green.
Monalisa (second early or maincrop, mid July,), Charlotte (second early, mid July), Casablanca (first early, mid June)
Bingenheimer: DolcivaKS-MOG-TH-GEGRobila (autumn/winter)​​​​​​​
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